Children's access to new technologies seems to have no brakes. Before, the concern was limited to children spending too many hours in front of the television, while today there is great anxiety among parents about the contact that children, including babies, have with smartphones and tablets.
Experts on the subject warn about the risk of the use of these devices in babies and children. Are mobile phones and tablets the new babysitters and babysitters?
Months ago, the Japan Pediatric Association started a campaign to restrict prolonged use of mobiles and tablets, suggesting control and more games to parents. Now they are the American Academy of Pediatrics and the Canadian Society of Pediatrics which reveal 10 reasons why children under 12 should not use these devices uncontrollably. They are clear about it, babies from 0 to 2 years old should not have any contact with technology; those from 3 to 5 years old, must be restricted to one hour / day; from 6 to 18 years old the restriction should be 2 hours / day.
1- Children's brain development
Brain development caused by excessive exposure to technologies can accelerate brain growth in babies between 0 and 2 years of age, and be associated with executive function and attention deficit, cognitive delays, learning problems, increased impulsiveness and lack of self-control (tantrums).
2- Delayed child development
The excessive use of technologies can limit movement, and consequently academic performance, literacy, attention and abilities.
3- Childhood obesity
The sedentary lifestyle that involves the use of technologies is a problem that is increasing among children. Obesity leads to health problems like diabetes, vascular and heart.
4- Childhood sleep disturbances
Studies reveal that the majority of parents do not supervise their children's use of technology in their bedrooms, which shows that children have more difficulty falling asleep. Lack of sleep will negatively affect your academic performance.
5- Mental illness
Some studies show that the excessive use of new technologies is increasing the rates of childhood depression and anxiety, attachment disorders, attention deficit, bipolar disorder, psychosis and other childhood behavior problems.
6- Aggressive behaviors in childhood
Exposing children to violent and aggressive content can alter their behavior. Children imitate everything and everyone. So you have to monitor the use and navigation of children on mobiles or tablets.
7- Lack or deficit of attention
The excessive use of new technologies can contribute to attention deficit, decrease concentration and memory of children, thanks to the great speed of its contents.
8- Child addiction
Studies show that one in 11 children between the ages of 8 and 18 is addicted to new technologies. Every time children use mobile devices, they separate themselves from their environment, from friends and family.
9- Too much radiation
The who, World Health Organization classifies cell phones as a hazard due to the emission of radiation. Children are more sensitive to these agents and there is a risk of contracting diseases such as cancer.
The constant and overexposure of children to technology makes them vulnerable, exploitable and exposed to abuse.
In addition, experts agree that spending too many hours glued to the mobile or tablet is detrimental to children's development. They believe that they generate more passive children and that they do not know how to interact or have physical contact with other people. And although they understand that new technologies are part of their life, they believe that they should not replace reading a book or playing time with siblings and parents.
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