What is self-regulation? Self-regulation is the ability that allows us to direct our behavior in the direction we want and thus be able to relate to the people around us. It is part of the acquisition of social skills that begin to develop from an early age.
In Guiainfantil.com We tell you what activities you can do in the classroom so that children learn to control their emotions and have a good behavior in class.
- By 2 years
Children begin to understand that others have emotions and that they may be different from yours.
- From 2 to 3 years
At these ages the period of independence begins. Egocentric stage that is based on the words: ME and MINE with which they demand NO HELP FROM THE ADULT. It is in this period where they begin to respond in a good or bad way and where the self-regulation of their emotions causes the child to begin to judge himself.
- At 5 years old
At this age, this self-regulating capacity is more developed and a complexity appears between emotions, beliefs and expectations. That is, children begin to relate their cognitive ability to emotions.
As children go through the different stages they learn more about feelings and begin to connect the situations they experience with emotions. Throughout this development, self-regulation and language skills evolve and, therefore, acquires a greater capacity to handle complicated emotional situations. By learning to manage emotions, they assimilate and understand that they are the ones who are in control of whatever situation they find themselves in.
Throughout the first years of age, the foundations are laid for an adequate emotional intelligence in the child. This largely depends on different emotional and social factors. So, it is necessary that parents, school and the rest of the environment generate trust necessary in the child to help him function optimally in all areas of life.
Childhood is the key moment for the child to model his emotional tendencies and where the relationship between the family and the school is very significant. The education and modeling by parents at home and also the attitude and behavior of the teacher in the classroom is essential to offer them security, respect and trust.
Inside the classroom, the educator can teach children self-regulation in an educational and fun way. Thanks to the proposed activities, children can develop progress in their behavior, they will learn to listen to others and to carry out their obligations and tasks. The techniques we show can be used both in the classroom and at home:
1 - The traffic light
The traffic light technique is an exercise that serves to give an answer about their behavior to the child and consciously identify them. To do this, a drawing of the traffic light is made and simple instructions are given to the child to make him see how it works o Red: calm down and think before acting o Yellow: think solutions or alternatives and their consequences. o Green: okay, put the best solution into practice.
[Read +: The yellow pages method for children to interact in class]
2 - The wheel of emotions
It consists of creating a wheel with the students with options of things that they can do to calm down when they feel frustrated. This wheel in the shape of a cake is drawn on a cardboard and on what each portion would be, an image of the options that the child has mentioned is drawn or pasted. Choices must be valid actions and that respect the integrity of the child and peers.
3 - The volcano
It is about using images to make children aware of their behavior. In this way, the child will be able to detect when he is about to behave in an inappropriate way and will be able to stop in time. To put this technique into practice, the child is asked to imagine that he is a volcano and that his emotions are lava.
Like many other volcanoes, its inner volcano also spirals out of control and erupts, causing everything in it to explode. The idea is that the child learns to recognize the signs of anger and anger, associating them with the hot lava and the eruption. This way you can stop before reaching the point of no return.
4 - Positive time out
It is a tool of Positive Discipline. It consists of creating a special place within the classroom, where the child can turn to calm down and calm down again when they feel upset or out of control. This place must be chosen and decorated together with the children and must contain elements that invite them to relax and feel peace, such as: books, music, toys, sheets and colors to draw, a blackboard, stuffed animals, plasticine, etc.
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