Gastroenteritis is a viral disease that is transmitted by contact and causes diarrhea and vomiting in the sufferer, sometimes it is also called the stomach flu. If you have ever suffered from gastroenteritis, you already know how easy it is to become dehydrated during the early stages of the disease and how the body looks.
Therefore, in children, it is essential to be extremely vigilant as they can become dehydrated much faster than an adult. Knowing if the baby is dehydrating and when to go to the emergency room is essential to avoid complications.
One of the common diseases that I fear the most is viral gastroenteritis, and it is very dangerous especially in nursing babies since it can cause dehydration in a matter of a few hours. I am an expert in it, my young children have been admitted for this reason.
When the child begins to have a picture of diarrhea and vomiting, we usually wonder whether to go to the emergency room or wait to see if it remits, trying not to be alarmists. However, knowing how to react is very important in these cases since severe dehydration can cause death.
5 symptoms that indicate that the baby is dehydrated
1 - Has dry mucous membranes: nose and mouth
2 - It has the sign of the crease or sign of the wet canvas: if you pinch the skin and it does not instantly return to its original state, that is, the crease remains for a few seconds as if you kept pinching
3 - The baby or child cries without tears.
4 - Has tachypnea: your respiratory rate is shallow, fast or accelerated, above 12 and 20 respiratory cycles per minute
5 - In newborns, the fontanelles are depressed or very sunken.
There are several types of dehydration: mild, moderate, and severe. However, it is possible that parents faced with the nerves and anguish of the moment, any picture seems very severe. However, these are the cases in which we must go to the emergency room:
- It is a baby under one year old
- If you have had more than 5 episodes of diarrhea and more than 2 of vomiting in the last 24 hours
- If you cannot ingest liquid yourself or anything you drink, you expel it immediately
- If you have blood or mucus in your stools.
When you go to the hospital, pediatricians will not leave your child admitted, unless he is severely dehydrated. In other cases, they will have the child under observation for a few hours while they rehydrate him orally and he will be sent home to be checked from there.
The pediatrician will recommend eating a regular diet at home, without forcing the child to eat, giving him a drink in small sips during the first hours and even giving him liquid serum.
A child is dehydrated when he does not have enough water in his body to survive. When the child loses a lot of water when sweating, urinating or peeing, or when he has diarrhea and vomiting due to gastroenteritis or another illness. Some studies reveal that children are more likely to be dehydrated than an adult because they move more and their physical activity is much greater.
It is necessary to always observe the body temperature of the little ones, especially in times of great heat, after exposure to the sun or intense physical activity. In babies, the fontanelles, the state of the skin, breathing and their mood must be observed.
Dehydration can be treated as soon as it is diagnosed immediately, but when the discomfort of this disease begins to manifest itself with high blood pressure, tachycardia, muscle contractures or cramps, they can lead to seizures or total loss of consciousness, and hence to cardiac arrest that can lead to death. That is why it is important to take care of dehydration from the beginning.
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