Today is a great day to dictate with your children! Actually, today or any other day, because children of all ages can learn a lot from these types of spelling, grammar, and calligraphy review exercises. On this occasion we propose a short video dictation to review the proper use of the letter Q.
It is an ideal activity for second grade children, although you can also propose it to your children or students, whatever their age, if they have already studied the spelling rules of this letter but need to review them.
You just have to hit play on the video and let us dictate the text to your children or students. Although you can also dictate it yourself (below we propose the short text that we have used and we correct it step by step). However, playing the video can be a different and engaging activity that encourages elementary school children to review spelling and grammar in a more fun way.
As we anticipated, in this dictation we help the children to review the correct use of the letter Q. The spelling rules for this letter are not complicated, but until children learn them and become familiar with them, they may make some spelling mistakes. Sometimes they tend to confuse its use with that of the C or the K.
To do this, we have prepared a short text (which, as it is not very long, will not be too heavy for children), in which we review the use of the Q. Here it goes!
Quique the mouse loves cheese with a little
of ham. He likes it so much that yesterday he took out all the
tray from the fridge and ate it all
what was left.
It is of little use to make a dictation if we do not correct it later, because children will not learn from what they have failed and, therefore, they will make the same spelling mistakes over and over again.
- 'Al'. The first word of the text 'Al' must be capitalized, as it is the beginning of a sentence.
- 'mouse'. The word mouse is written with a single letter R, because although it is a strong sound, when going to the beginning of the word a single R. is put. If it were the strong sound of the R, but it was between vowels, we should put RR (as for example in the word 'dog').
If your child has already learned to put the accents, you should note that he has written mouse with accent in the O. This word is accented because it is about a sharp word (the stressed syllable is the last one) and ends in N. Sharp words that end in S (such as 'you will love') or those that end in a vowel (such as 'loved') also carry accents.
- 'Quique'. On the one hand, we must capitalize this word, as it is the mouse's proper name. But also is written with Q. We can use this word to remind children that it cannot be written with C, since Cice is not pronounced the same as Quique. But, in addition, we must remember that whenever we write the Q we have to accompany it with a U before the E and the I: QUE or QUI.
Remind your children or students to write: CA, QUE, QUI, CO, CU or ZA, CE, CI, ZO, ZU.
Being a proper name, and each one is called what they want, there are people who prefer to write this name with K, that is, Kike.
[Read +: More dictations for second grade children]
- 'love it'. If we follow the spelling rules, 'love it' is written with C. It comes from the verb to enchant, and is the third person singular of its present verb form of the indicative mood.
- 'cheese'. We must emphasize to the children that 'cheese' is written with QUE.
- 'little'. It's funny what happens with the word 'little' (which also happens with other words such as 'white', for example). 'Little' is the diminutive of 'little' and although this word is written with C, when we make its diminutive we must write it with Q.
- 'Ham'. Like the word 'mouse', it is written with a tilde.
- 'Le'. In this case, we must write 'Le' because, after a 'period and followed', the next sentence begins capitalized, unlike what happens with the comma, which is followed by lowercase (as happens after the word 'tanto' in this dictation).
- 'than'. It is written with QUE.
[Read +: Tongue twisters with the letter Q for the children to practice using it]
- 'coat'. However, this verb form is written with C. It comes from the verb 'to take out', and is used to talk about the past. It is the simple past perfect, in its third person singular in the indicative mood. It has an accent because it is a sharp word that ends in a vowel.
- 'tray'. We take this opportunity to remind the children that 'tray' is written with B and J.
- 'ate'. Just like 'pulled out', we cannot forget about put tilde. It comes from the verb to eat and it is also the simple past perfect.
- 'than'. It is written, again, with QUE.
- 'remained'. It comes from the verb 'to stay' and, therefore, it is also written with QUE. Its about past imperfect indicative mood.
End of dictation. To help children remember the spelling rules we have reviewed and learn from the spelling mistakes they have made, we recommend that you use the super words technique with them.
As we mentioned at the beginning, the dictations are an excellent review exercise for children, in many ways. So much so, that there are teachers who recommend doing one (keep it short and therefore not too heavy), every day that the children start doing language activities, both in second grade and in the rest of the years .
Let's look at some of the advantages of dictations and all that children can get out of them:
- Children improve spelling and learn grammar. They also practice the letter (for which we will have to dictate calmly) and become more fluent when writing.
- They work the ability to concentration, attention and listen.
- They can do children of all ages, as soon as they learn to write. It is only necessary to adapt the difficulty of the text to your knowledge. Even in the case of younger children we can dictate individual words instead of phrases.
- As indicated in the research work 'Dictation as a communicative task' by Daniel Cassany for the journal Tabula Rasa of the Universidad Colegio Mayor de Cundinamarca (Colombia), so that the dictations are really effective in the learning of children, we must seek texts that work specifically on the knowledge that we want to teach, as planned in the school year. For example, if we want to work on the structure of the text, we must look for a dictation that is appropriate and offers us this learning. Making dictations for the simple fact of dictating is less effective than planning its use.
- In order for short dictations to be really beneficial for children, we must always adapt them to the age and knowledge of the children.
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Video dictation to review G and J with children. With this video dictation of G and J you will be able to review with the children from home some of the most important spelling rules. We propose more short dictations for you to do with your children as grammar and calligraphy learning activities.
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