The skin of children is enviable, raise your hand to those who would not like to have that soft, smooth, delicate and tender skin again. However, it is inevitable, as we grow the skin becomes drier, less elastic and with more impurities. But something very curious also happens, as we grow, the skin fills with moles.
And it is that, although the first moles can appear in embryonic development or in the first months of life, all the others develop between the second and third decade of a person's life. Regardless of the greater or lesser number of moles that one has, it is important that we do not lose sight of these small spots on the skin, some can become malignant. This is one Complete guide to identifying if your child's moles are cancerous.
Doctors call moles, nevus, in short, it is nothing more than a formation of maritime cells. Mellic cells are made up of melanocytes and are all over our skin, they give color to the lips, eyes or hair. When these melanocytes accumulate in a certain area of the skin, they give rise to moles.
The moles They can appear during the development of the baby in the womb or even appear throughout the growth, even if you don't believe it, they can disappear. The appearance or not of moles on the body depends on:
- Genetic heritage: Maybe even a relative and you have a mole in the same way in the same place, they are congenital moles.
- Adolescence: the hormonal changes typical of this stage cause the concentrations of marel cells to increase.
- Pregnancy: the gestational stage causes moles and spots on the skin to increase.
- Sun exposure: UV exposure is a deciding factor. There is a direct relationship between intense sun exposures and new moles.
- Drugs: some moles that appear suddenly are associated with the intake of some drugs. They are the so-called eruptive nevi, which generally appear with immunosuppressants and chemotherapy.
All parents have ever worried about those small spots that appear on the skin of our children. We look at them with a magnifying glass and, if we suspect them, we go directly to the doctor. I have already been several times and, fortunately, I have returned home with a positive diagnosis that reassured me.
However, I wanted to learn more about moles and thus rule out an unnecessary alarm or just know when to see the pediatrician. This might help you too. These are the rules you have to follow to know if a mole can be carcinogenic:
- Symmetry: If you draw a vertical or horizontal line and it is symmetrical on both sides, it is a benign mole. However, if it is asymmetric it can be a malignant mole.
- EdgesIf the edges of the mole are regular, it is a benign mole, however, if its edges are irregular, in some areas wavy and in others more flat, it is advisable to consult.
- Tonality: moles that have a uniform round around their perimeter are normal moles, however, if they have different shades of brown, bluish, blackish, it is important to consult a dermatologist.
- Size: a mole of less than 6 millimeters that does not present any particularity as those previously described, is a normal mole, however if it is larger than this size it is advisable to consult a specialist.
- Evolution: If the mole never changes, changes color or grows, it is a benign mole, if the mole evolves over time it could be a malignant mole.
Other symptoms of malignant tumors are itching, redness, or pain.
You may have observed that your child or yourself have small red moles, they may even have appeared and one good day you realize that you have many, they are ruby nevi. They can appear for various reasons:
- Liver problems due to a diet that accumulates toxins.
- Abnormal growth of small blood vessels.
- Overexposure to the sun.
- In women it may be due to hormonal disorders.
The moles are, unfortunately, one of the signs that can warn us of a skin cancer.In adults, ultraviolet (UV) light can cause melanomas in any area of the skin and can make a mole more prone to turning into a melanoma (many years of sun exposure is usually required). That is why the best thing is that from childhood, with simple gestures and habits, we can prevent their appearance.
- Avoid exposing the child to the sun for a long time and, above all, in the central hours of the day (between 12.00 and 16.00).
- If your child is under three years old and you are at the beach or pool, protect him with a t-shirt, always wear a hat, sunglasses and wear protection often (minimum, every two hours). And, very importantly, as the Spanish Agency for Medicines and Health Products tells us, in their document on sun protection, 'always offer the child plenty of water'.
- At the time of choose the best sun creamTake into account the following criteria: that it protects against ultraviolet B and A radiation (UVB and UVA). And never use one from the previous year, they lose strength!
- Another criterion that you should know before getting a sunscreen is your child's skin type. Why not all protectors work for all children, It depends on the phototype and the age of the child.
- Even if you see that the clouds cover the sun, do not trust yourself! It can be just as dangerous or more. Lie down and put your child always, always, always protector all over the body and spread it so that it absorbs well.
You can read more articles similar to Guide to identify if your child's moles are cancerous, in the Cancer category on site.