Reading and writing are linguistic skills that result from a prolongation of oral language. Through literacy, children immerse themselves in a new world where they discover a code that allows them to communicate, understand and incorporate new information that will be useful to use in their daily lives. Which are the best literacy games and activities to do with children at home?
In this article we propose 30 activities to exercise reading and writing in playful and communicative situations, encouraging children to practice this skill in a functional way.
1. Identify letters
The adult says a sound to the child, for example O, and the child must give him a wooden letter or card. Other variants can be to take the letter down the slide, put it on a toy truck, stick a sticker on the letter, paint it, put a soda cap on it, put it in a box ... Any idea that is fun for the child it will keep you motivated and attentive.
2. Detect syllables
Syllables are written with indelible fiber on inflated balloons and the child must puncture the one indicated by the adult. You can also put together the 'train of words' where each syllable represents a wagon and the child must build the words with the syllables given by the adult. Ex: MA RI PO SA will have 4 wagons.
3. Play I see I see words with ...
I look for words that start with a certain letter. I can do it with a sheet with many drawings or we can look for things with that sound wherever we are (kitchen, bedroom, bathroom ...).
4. Think with the phrase A ship is coming loaded with ...
We think of words that begin with the phoneme chosen earlier and that we know the child knows.
5. Participate in letter bingo
Cards divided with letters are made and we place them in a bag that we will take out and name the sounds in turns. The child must be associating the corresponding letters, crossing out or putting chips or beans on the cardboard.
6. Create with moving letters
They can be magnetized, eva rubber, cardboard, wood ... We can look for toys or photos of family members and write the names with the letters.
7. Set up an image bingo
Cardboards with drawings are handed out and letters are drawn from a bag. The child must identify on his cardboard according to the letter that comes out. Ex: G associate the cat drawing.
8. Make posters for objects around the house
They can make posters to classify toys (blocks, dolls, masses, paintings), clothes (socks, T-shirts, pants). They can cut card stock and write them with fibers or type them with the computer keyboard and then print them.
9. Assemble words by molding with dough
Write different words while we play with dough. We can make a dog out of dough and write his name underneath.
10. Find the hidden letters
In a tray with lentils or polenta we hide wooden or plastic letters and the child must take out and name the corresponding letter. Once you get all the letters you must form a word.
11. Roll the letter dice
We make six dice with letters and form words with the letters that come out. Whoever forms the most words wins !!!
12. Recover the tutti fruti game
The classic game of writing words by categories according to the chosen letter.
Did you like the games that we have prepared for you so far? Well, the fun and the desire to learn do not stop because we have more activities for you.
13. Make the grocery shopping list
Think what we need at home and put it down on paper. A way, in addition, for them to collaborate with the housework.
14. Write reminder posters to put up at home
'Turn off the lights', 'press the bathroom button', 'put away the clothes we take off' or 'take the clothes to the laundry'. Learn and educate them in the rules of the house in the same game, is not it great!
15. Send messages by phone or emails
Writing messages to family and friends is often motivating and functional, and they practice writing along the way.
16. Print a calendar and write important events and reminders
They can schedule family birthdays, tasks to accomplish, purchases, etc.
17. Write postcards for special dates
They can make creative and colorful postcards for Easter, Christmas, anniversaries, birthdays and accompany them with written messages.
18. Make up comics
Draw pictures and add vignettes to them by making up funny comics.
19. Play school
The children will become teachers in the game and must write on the blackboard the day, the instructions to follow or invent activities for their students, in this case, their brothers or their parents.
21. Write stories
They can make them from an image, a sequence or a family photo. If you choose this last option, you can take the opportunity to tell your children stories about their grandparents, their uncles, their cousins ...
22. Prepare cooking recipes
Read a recipe and make it together. What a delicious plan!
23. Make original crafts
Write the materials and steps to make, for example, a pirate hat with cardboard.
24. Read brochures and instruction manual
Read handouts with instructions to build a figure with blocks or to play a board game.
25. Organize a treasure hunt
Write the clues for the treasure hunt. They can also be typed on the computer and then printed.
26. Play secretary
Fill out surveys with personal information. Flashcards can be made to complete from the computer or printed and completed in written form.
27. Read and decipher riddles
'I have needles and I don't know how to cook, I have numbers and I can't read, I give you the hours, do you know who I am?' Riddles are a great resource for children to build their vocabulary.
28. Read and find the intrusive word
The next time you read a story to the child, change the story a little and introduce an element that does not belong to that story. For example, with 'The Three Little Pigs' change the wolf for a cat. He will realize?
29. Prepare a very original word soup
Write different words on a sheet of paper, then put them in a bowl and make sentences with them.
30. Justify the absurd
Read a sentence and say if what it says is real or not. For example: 'As it was very hot, he went to get a jacket and a scarf to go for a walk.' Here the imagination to build words and phrases is very important.
31. Put together crosswords and word search
They can be put together at different levels of complexity and also make word searches or thematic crossword puzzles. They are so much fun and entertaining and the whole family can participate!
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