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How to build resilience in children


How does your child cope with difficulties, losses, or even illness? What does your child do in a situation of change, of fear? Do you know what it is to be resilient? A child who has experienced some early childhood traumatic experience and great pain, you can bounce back and overcome it through resilience. What's more, you will even be able to come out stronger.

The resilience it is the ability of human beings to face difficulties, problems and adversities in life, overcome them and transform them into a positive experience. You could say that resilience is strength beyond endurance.

It is important, in the education that is given to children, that we teach them to develop resilience, through behaviors, control of thoughts and attitudes that they can learn by example and guidance. In Guiainfantil.com we tell you how develop children's resilience, in just 10 steps.

1- Make and have friends
Teach and encourage your children to make and have friends. In parallel, develop a strong family network so children feel supported and accepted. At school, be aware that no child is isolated. Personal relationships strengthen children's resilience and provide them with social support.

2- Teach children to help others
Help your child by having him help others. Helping others can help you get over the feeling that they can't do anything. Through age-appropriate volunteer work, as well as little chores you give them, children will be able to feel valued. At school, you could take small initiatives by creating ways to help others.

3- Maintain a daily routine
Help your child establish a daily routine and stick with it. Respect for routine is a comforting feeling for children, especially the little ones. They need to know that they are accomplishing and doing their tasks well.

4- Fight restlessness and worry
Just as important as following a routine is not obsessing over it. Teach your child to focus on his purposes but also to rest and do different things. It is necessary for children to study but also to play and have fun.

5- Teach children to take care of themselves
It is important that everyone let's take care of our health, of our appearance, of our rest ... That must be instilled in children, from a young age. By example, we can teach children to take care of themselves, to love each other, playing sports, playing, eating and sleeping well, etc.

6- Encourage children to set goals
Important dates such as the beginning of the year or a birthday are ideal to teach children to set some goals in their life. Goals that they can achieve. So they will experience the achievement value, of what has been achieved, and they will enjoy the praise. They will learn that having challenges makes them feel 'great'.

7- Feed a positive self-esteem
Help your child remember how he was able to successfully deal with difficulties in the past, and then help him understand that past challenges help him develop the strength to handle future challenges. Help him learn to trust himself to solve problems and make the right decisions. Teach him to take life with humor and the ability to laugh at himself. At school, help children see how individual achievement contributes to the well-being of the class as a whole.

8- Teach children to see the positive even in bad things
Fostering a positive attitude in the face of adversity will help children face difficulties with optimism and positivity. That after a storm calm always comes and that you don't have to despair. At school, children can listen to stories and develop activities that show that life goes on after adversity.

9- Stimulates self-knowledge in children
Children must be taught that with everything they learn and grow. Help your child see how what he is dealing with can teach him to understand what he is made of. At school, consider conversations about what each student has learned after facing a difficult situation.

10- Accept that change is part of life
The changes they can often be terrible for children and teenagers. Help your child see that change is a part of life and that new goals can replace those that may have become unattainable. At school, you can discuss how the changes have impacted their lives.

Source consulted:
- APA- American Psychological Association

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Video: The Building Of Hope And Resilience In A Child. Michael Kalous. TEDxHelena (September 2020).