Play is one of the main sources of learning during childhood. Playing children learn to know each other better, develop new skills and put into practice social competences such as cooperation or teamwork. Playing increases your imagination and creativity.
The game favors their empathic capacity, develops your language skills, fosters self-esteem and self-control, and provides self-confidence.
For a child to regain self-confidence we must allow me to play and explore, to play and express himself without fear or fear of being wrong. If we want a child to believe in himself again, we must allow him to choose and organize his activities and games so that in this way he gradually develops the necessary confidence in himself and improves his self-esteem in relation to the perception of achievement, individuality and creativity.
In order to encourage children's self-confidence, we must allow children to express their feelings through play: their joys, fears, anxieties or worries.
As we can see, any game can be valid to promote children's confidence in themselves if we allow them to choose freely but also if the adult accompanies them properly. In this case we have chosen 3 to put them into practice at home, but they can be adapted to treat them in the classroom.
1. Symbolic play
The game par excellence in childhood, the game in which the child represents being, acts as a mother, a father, a doctor, an Indian, a fireman, a teacher, ... Any type of game that the child imagines himself to be and imitates real life situations. In this type of game, children put into practice their entire range of personal, emotional and social skills that will be of great help to them in the future.
2. The day of the compliment or compliment
This more specific type of play tries to promote the self-esteem and self-concept that are so necessary to develop children's confidence in themselves. We can choose a day of the week to make it the day of compliments and compliments.
That day we will look at something that we like about the other and we will tell them, it is about the parents highlighting the positive qualities of the child and vice versa, we can use motivational phrases like 'I really like how…. ',' I find it incredible the way you have… '.
In addition, if we write them on paper and hang them on the refrigerator, they will have a much greater effect because every time the child feels dejected or lacks confidence, he can turn to them and see everything he does well and we value him. For the game to have an effective value the sentences must be realistic, we must not exaggerate. It is a game to increase children's self-esteem while fostering confidence and self-confidence. However we must use this game in a moderate way, without overdoing the praise and praise, remember that it is not good to flatter it constantly.
3. Hat of decisions
In this case, it is about the children to stop being afraid to make their own decisions and to trust themselves, which in turn will lead them to be happier. For this we will play with a hat, real or imaginary, that we will place on their heads and we will encourage them to make some kind of decision. For example:
- Call a friend and invite him to come and play one day at your house;
- Go to the bakery to buy bread, if they are not old enough to go alone, the parents will accompany them but we will let them order and pay for themselves;
Is about for children to build and regain sufficient self-confidence to develop the autonomy and independence necessary to cope with ease in the world around them and face the possible failures that they will have to face throughout life.
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