Being well informed about the coronavirus, recently renamed COVID-19, is the best way to avoid its contagion and, in the case of having it, to overcome this disease that in many cases passes like a normal flu. There are many questions about this new virus, such as what are they tests to know if I have coronavirus, and that is why, from Guianfantil.com, we have proposed to give you the necessary information to calm you down and that you do not get carried away by scaremongering.
It is good to remember that the coronavirus is an RNA virus, that is, they are viruses enveloped with a single-stranded RNA genome, and in humans they can cause various diseases, ranging from the common cold to SARS (acute respiratory syndrome severe).
These infections usually present with fever and respiratory symptoms. (cough and dyspnea or shortness of breath). In the most severe cases, they can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure, and even death.
We are currently experiencing one of the most aggressive pandemics with this virus, which has been called 2019-nCoV. A few days ago the virus reached South America, thus giving the first case in Brazil, and in Europe it is spreading through Italy, Spain or France to date.
This current strain has not identified the mode of transmission, but it is thought to pass from animal to human and from human to human. The contagion generally takes place by respiratory route, through the respiratory droplets that people produce when they cough, sneeze or speak.
Most coronaviruses are not dangerous and can be treated effectively. Most people at some point in their life contract this virus, Although they are more common in autumn or winter, they can be contracted at any time of the year.
So, if I have symptoms such as cough, fever, shortness of breath, I should go immediately to a hospital to have this virus discarded, which is done with a throat and nose culture.
We are really all prone to contracting the virus, but mainly those people who have traveled to the affected countries and have been for more than 5 or 14 days (which is the incubation time before giving symptoms) and health professionals, already who have continuous contact with these infected patients.
Currently there is still little information on this virus, but it has been shown that the most susceptible are the elderly and those who have a previous disease, such as diabetes, heart disease, respiratory problems, or immunological problems, such as cancer, leukemia, HIV, is In other words, the common cold can get worse much faster and cause serious complications.
Being a virus, it is treated as such, that is, trying to lower the fever and mitigate the cough with paracetamol. In the event that it is complicated by an infectious process such as pneumonia, antibiotics would be used, but starting a treatment with antibiotics will not eliminate the virus, since they act on bacteria.
The protocol to follow will depend on the country, but the probable that the patient remains isolated for its study and, above all, to avoid massive contagion to other people. The period in which it will be in this situation can be extended up to two weeks, since it is the incubation time of this virus
No, contagion has not yet been proven in this way, the virus does not survive on surfaces for more than an hour, so it is safe to receive packages from outside.
The basic measurements of all viruses, as explained to us by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, are the following:
- Frequent hand washing, Mainly with a disinfectant with alcohol and soap, since it has been shown that this can kill the virus.
- Respiratory hygiene measuresIn other words, when coughing or sneezing, instead of covering yourself with your hands, use your elbow, thus avoiding contaminating your hands with droplets of saliva and preventing the spread of any virus.
- Avoid crowded placesSince when a person coughs or sneezes, the particles or droplets of saliva remain in the air, making it easier to spread due to the proximity between people.
- Do not touch your eyes, mouth and nose if you have not done frequent hand washing, since the hands could be contaminated and cause a complication.
- Eliminate consuming foods of animal origin, raw or undercookedLet's remember that they are one of the reservoirs of this virus.
If you have a fever or cough, see your doctor for treatment, and if you have a history of having recently traveled to one of the countries with confirmed cases or have been in contact with people who may have contracted it, go to your health center nearest to make the diagnosis.
Yes, but let's remember that The mask is used mainly to protect us from any virus that can be transmitted by droplets of saliva, not just the coronavirus. However, wearing a mask does not guarantee that you will not get the infection.
Remember to wash your hands before using the mask and put it on properly. Your mouth and nose should be covered without leaving any empty space between the mask and your face, and to remove it, do it from behind, never touch the front. It is important to know that we must make rational use of masks, mainly use them if there are acute respiratory symptoms.
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