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Are you restless because your baby was born prematurely? Do not worry, if there have not been major complications, your son or daughter will have a totally normal intellectual development and to show you, we have selected some characters who were premature babies and who changed the course of history. They stood out in different fields of science and culture, achieving, with their contributions, transform the world with their thought or work.
A premature baby is one who is born more than three weeks before the expected date of delivery, that is, before the 37th week of pregnancy. More than 15 million premature babies are born each year. According to the World Health Organization, 10 percent of births occur prematurely.
Sometimes the causes are unknown, but other times it is because the mother has gone through some type of problem in pregnancy such as gestational diabetes, hypertension, an infection, multiple pregnancy or bad eating habits.
But don't be alarmed premature babies only need some special care in their first days of life like staying inside an incubator that keeps them at a suitable temperature. During this period, it is essential that they are fed breast milk, which will protect them from infections. Some premature babies will need artificial ventilation, since their lung development is immature, as explained in the study carried out by the neonatology section of the Donostia University Hospital, under the title 'The premature baby'.
Let's take a look at history so you can see that having a premature baby doesn't have to mean that your little one can't do great things. And, as an example, these illustrious premature characters.
The greatest exponent of the French Enlightenment was premature. He was one of the fathers of the fight for citizens' freedoms and inspired the political movement of the French Revolution. His real name was François-Marie Arouet. He was a writer, poet, essayist, philosopher and historian, proof that anticipating his birth did not stop him from becoming an enlightened man and achieving all his goals.
The father of the theory of evolution was also in a hurry to welcome the world. Despite not being a good student, he became a naturalist and embarked on the Beagle on a mapping mission. As a naturalist he was expressing his discoveries in the work 'The Origin of Species'. In Galapagos, he found that depending on the island where the turtles resided, their shells were slightly different, which led him to think that species were not immutable, but that they change over time to adapt to the environment.
Another premature man who changed the course of astronomy was Kepler, who had been interested in stargazing since childhood. Kepler listed the laws that explain the movement of the planets around the Sun. He calculated the orbit of Mars and, from there, drew up its laws that he collected in the works 'Astronomy nova' and 'The harmony of the worlds'.
He was one of the great painters of Impressionism. Renoir reflects everyday scenes where he shows smiling and relaxed people in an attitude of leisure. One of the protagonists of his paintings was his wife Aline. This premature child left us a very important pictorial legacy, among which we highlight two of his great works: 'El moulin de la Galette' and 'The rowers' breakfast'.
The world of politics also has premature babies, like the figure of Winston Churchill, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom who played a key role in World War II. In addition to his talents as a negotiator, strategist, and speaker, this premature man won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1953.
Pablo Picasso, the precursor painter of Cubism, was also a child born preterm. That was no impediment to becoming one of the great geniuses of painting and making such unique paintings as 'El Guernica', 'The young ladies of Avignon', 'Harlequin' or 'Boy with a dove'.
Another premature genius was nothing more and nothing less than the creator of the theory of relativity, Albert Einstein. The German physicist was a bad student in the beginning, but he ended up winning the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1921, and becoming the greatest scientist of the 20th century.
Another premature physicist was Isaac Newton, who established the foundations of mechanics with his laws of motion and his Law of Universal Gravitation when he was thinking under a tree and pondering about a fallen apple. In addition, he built the first reflecting telescope and studied the decomposition of light and thermodynamics.
The first emperor of France, Napoleon Bonaparte, did not come to term at his birth, something that did not mark him when it came to conquering and controlling most of Western Europe. His military strategies and ambition made him go very far in the campaigns of the French Revolution.
All of them, impatient at birth, were great men who have changed the course of history. So your son or daughter can also go as far as they want!
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