If you are breastfeeding, you have probably heard that, as time passes, your milk becomes pure water and that no longer feeds the baby. I want to talk to you in this article about that 'it becomes water and it no longer feeds'. And that is not the case, on the contrary, as time passes, breast milk continues and will continue to be a valuable food for your child. Not just any food, but the best food that you have been able to offer ...Did you know that from the moment of postpartum until breastfeeding is installed there are several types of breast milk that the mother produces?
We will not tire of remembering one of the WHO (Global Strategy for Infant and Young Child Feeding) recommendations on breastfeeding: it should be given exclusively until the baby is six months old and, from that moment on , supplement it with other foods and if possible keep it up to 2 years or more. There are several types of milk depending on the age of your baby, so I am going to tell you a little about each of them and their benefits.
This milk is produced in the third trimester of pregnancy. It is high in protein and is called preterm milk, since it is the milk that is suitable for the newborn in case of premature birth.
Known as the liquid gold par excellence, it is milk that is produced in the first three days after delivery, being scarce, yellowish and very sticky. It is produced in trace amounts, because the capacity of the baby's stomach is reduced and only a small volume of it is necessary to fill your stomach (about 5 to 7ml).
It is known as the first natural vaccine that you offer your baby, and is that its composition is rich in cells of the intestinal defense system. Colostrum is rich in immunoglobulins, especially IgA, which is the greatest protective factor of the newborn, functioning as a protective barrier against viruses, bacteria, parasites, fungi, and increasing the defense of the baby's intestine, which at this time does not it is developed (immature) and susceptible to many infections.
It also contains substances called lymphocytes and macrophages (all of these help protect the baby's intestine against infection), it is also rich in fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, E, K.) and although you see that it is produced in droplets, each drop It is valuable, and even more so if your baby is hospitalized, as it will help him to increase his defenses, especially at the intestinal level.
After these three days after delivery, the milk changes. It is no longer called colostrum to be called transitional milk, which is produced between the third and fifth day postpartum until approximately the second week of the newborn's life.
This milk is produced in greater quantity in relation to the greater volume of the baby's stomach, in approximately 20 ml up to 60 or 80 ml. It contains more water and lactose, being an intermediate composition between colostrum and mature milk.
And last but not least, from the second week of the baby's life, mature milk is produced. Produced between 10 to 14 days of life of the baby until the end of the breastfeeding process, this milk at the beginning of the feeding contains 88% water, is rich in lactose and contains the amount of protein that the infant needs at this stage .
It also provides fatty acids at the end of the feeding, which contribute to the weight gain of the child, for which it is important that the child suck until the end of the feeding in order to obtain them. This milk also continues to have important vitamins and minerals like calcium, iron, zinc, phosphorus, magnesium, and potassium.
As you have been able to realize, there are several types of breast milk and all are adapted to the baby according to the stage in which he is. Enjoy breastfeeding with your little one!
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