He coronavirus it is an RNA virus, that is, it is a virus enveloped with a single-stranded RNA genome. In humans, they can cause a variety of diseases, ranging from the common cold to SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome). It is so called because when observed in the microscope it is observed as in the shape of a crown.
Most coronaviruses are not dangerous and can be treated effectively. Most people have this virus at some point in their life and, although they are more common in autumn or winter, they can be contracted at any time of the year. What about coranovirus in infants and children? Here is everything you need to know!
Its origin is unknown and it is transmitted in a very limited way in humans. The most common form of transmission is through saliva or respiratory droplets that are produced when talking, sneezing or coughing. For this reason, the World Health Organization has made the following recommendations:
1. Avoid direct contact with people suffering from respiratory infectionss sharp.
2. Handwashing with soap frequently, especially if you have had people who are sick.
3. Minimize contact with wild or farm animals and, of course, extreme hygiene measures.
4. Covering your nose when you cough and use disposable tissues to blow your nose.
5. Cook eggs and meat thoroughly.
In infants and children, the most common disease is SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome).
This disease started in 2003 in China, affected more than eight thousand people and caused more than 700 deaths. In December 2019, the first cases of a new outbreak were reported in Wuhan (China), since that time the new infections have been increasing and spreading to more parts of the united world and there have been several deaths.
In most cases, the coronavirus starts with a high fever and then other symptoms may develop such as:
- Body pain
- General discomfort
- Breathing difficulty
- Runny and runny nose
- Sore throat
- Shaking chills
And after several days a dry cough tends to appear, in most people pneumonia develops later.
As its signs are similar to other viruses or respiratory infections, a good physical examination should be done, and tests that rule out other infections, such as blood tests. Similarly, nose and throat cultures, a chest CT scan or chest X-ray can be performed to diagnose pneumonia, and SARS virus isolation and antibody testing.
When the fever lasts for more than 48 hours and any of the symptoms described above are associated mainly, such as signs of respiratory distress, it is advisable to go to the pediatrician or family doctor to make a more in-depth diagnosis.
It is important to know that most people recover from SARS, but there is still a risk of death between 9% and 12% if it is not controlled in time. So it is important to always go to the doctor or pediatrician in case of presenting any of the aforementioned symptoms.
There is no specific treatment for the virus. What is done is to treat the patient in the same way in which a viral pneumonia is treated, which ranges from placing oxygen, resting, drinking plenty of fluids to administering antiviral drugs, high doses of steroids to reduce lung inflammation or, in sometimes, antibiotics and blood transfusions are warranted.
It really is possible, although there is currently no vaccine for this virus, or specific treatment as we have already mentioned, but to prevent the disease, basic hygiene should be maintained, such as frequent hand washing, avoiding contact with infected people or who is suspected of the disease, and protect nose, mouth and eyes.
There is a type of virus that is spread by animals (MERS-CoV), so the best way to prevent them is to avoid visiting farms, markets or stables where there are pigs, chickens or other animals, and if so, take general hygiene measures.
We must know that they exist various types of coronavirus In humans, we already mentioned SARS, MERS, but there is also the cold coronavirus, which is the one that produces the common symptoms of a cold, and its most severe form also causes pneumonia in older adults and newborns.
You can read more articles similar to Coronavirus in babies and children and everything you need to know, in the category of Children's Diseases on site.