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Mathematics, in addition to being a main subject due to its importance, provides children with multiple benefits that allow the development of our minds. However, there are many little ones who consider this matter complicated and boring. Hence the importance of presenting mathematics in a more fun way. How about preparing a home game for them to learn additions with carried?
If your children have started primary school, we provide you with an idea that will serve to reinforce the learning of additions by in a very funny way. It is a DIY educational resource (Do It Yourself) that you can make at home and for it that you will need few materials, you probably have most. Take note!
- A large folder
- White, green and yellow gomaeva
- Colour cardboard
- Marker and scissors
- A clear plastic envelope or folder
There is nothing better for a child than to learn by playing. In addition, many little ones are enthusiastic about the idea of making their own games, so we suggest you carry out this children's craft as a family, so that you can once again enjoy all the positive aspects that these types of activities bring us.
Let's start with the step by step to prepare it!
1. To make 'The game of additions with carried' begins using the white rubber and create a kind of board. It must have the same measurements as a DIN A4 sheet.
2. Draw two horizontal lines on it, one 8 cm away from the lower margin and the other 8 cm away from the upper margin.
3. Cut out two pieces of gum, one green and one yellow. They should be 8 cm high by 21 cm wide.
4. Glue the yellow piece in the upper area, and the green piece in the lower area.
The results of the additions will be represented on the green color, and in the yellow area the numerical cards that represent 'the carried' will be placed as the sums are solved.
5. Let's change the material! Now it's time to work with the colored cards.
Cut out several cards measuring 14 cm high by 21 cm wide. We advise you to use different colors because colors attract a lot of children's attention. This will help make the game more appealing and visual to them, even if it is a math game!
6. Begin to write sums with the marker. Make sure they are sums with 2-digit numbers and that they have carry-over. For example: 98 + 14, 37 + 59, 63 + 19 ...
Make good use of the cards and write a sum for each face.
7. We are about to finish and you are having a very colorful game. Let's complete it with the number tiles!
Use 3 more cards and write on each of them the numbers from 0 to 9. We have shaped them into a circle, but they can be square, triangular, rectangular, or you can even mix shapes, because from 4 years old to 6 years old, children also learn simple geometric figures like the ones we just named.
8. To prevent game cards and chips from being lost, store them inside the plastic envelope or folder with transparent button.
If you do not have a folder you can make it with cardboard, you will need cut out a piece of cardboard that measures about 34 cm high by 50 cm wide and fold it in half. Glue the board on the right side, and the envelope or transparent button folder on the left side (vertically). Remember that adhesive velcro is a child-resistant material, so you can use a little to securely fix the compartment where the operations cards and number cards are kept.
We have already finished! Now all that remains is ... play and play! Put a card in the center of the board because the game begins!
Remind your child to start adding the numbers in the first column from the right. In this case it would be 8 + 4 = 12, therefore a number 2 chip should be placed under the 4, in the green area, and a number 1 chip to the left of the number 2 chip.
For what children visually understand the concept of carries, they must move the number 1 token to the yellow area. Remember? It's the carry-away area! And they will have to place it on top of the first number in the next column, before starting to add again. For this example it would look like this: 1 + 9 + 1 = 11
Find 2 tiles of number 1, and place one tile under 1, in the result area, and the other tile to the left. The sum is 112!
You are going to have a great time doing sums! And the best of all is that you have the possibility to continue making cards and tokens as your child progresses, so you can propose new challenges, for example, sums with 3-digit numbers And carried! (857 + 128, and even 56 + 609 + 521).
[Read +: How to make an addition machine to learn math]
Did you know that, thanks to mathematics, our curiosity is encouraged, we acquire mental agility and does our analytical thinking expand? One of the main characteristics of our mind is 'problem solving', but not only of mathematical problems. It could be said that its very nature makes it a mechanism that looks for problems and solutions through analysis, so mathematics helps us develop this very important quality in life.
Generally, from the age of 3, children are likely to recognize numbers, and at 4 years of age they begin to know how to order them (1, 2, 3 ...). Between the ages of 4 and 5, this knowledge continues to be expanded so that children can mechanically count from 1 to 10, from 1 to 30, and so on until they reach 60, 80, etc.
In this age group, when they have already acquired a fairly solid base of numbers, they also acquire the concept of adding by simple one-digit sums (1 + 2 = 3). And after teaching the sums it continues with you subtract.
The game is the best tool for children to learn language, history, geography ... and math! But why? Let's see some of the main reasons.
- The assimilation of the theory
Through these types of games, your children will internalize the knowledge they have acquired theoretically at school.
- Learn from mistakes
As it is a relaxed environment, children do not feel afraid of the repercussions, they feel safer and this allows us to help them correct mistakes with greater acceptance, that is, without generating frustration.
- Cognitive development
We will capture your attention and help its development, in addition to the development of memory, creativity and logical reasoning.
- Emotional self-development
Increase their motivation for the possibility of developing their social and problem-solving skills.
- Happiness and well-being
Play provides pleasure. The neural networks that are activated during this type of learning provide joy.
And why do we put so much emphasis on making the game a motivating resource and highlighting the visual effect? From the point of view of neuroeducation, the brain and the senses are directly related to learning. And each sense comes to play a decisive role, but most of the stimuli we receive from the outside are visual, that is, a large part of the information that reaches our brain is through the eyes.
With this type of educational resources, it is possible to stimulate the attention processes of children, allowing to establish links between learning and experience, which favors memory. According to Aristotle, memory is that which provides experiences in the human being.
We encourage you to add experiences!