Federico García Lorca's legacy is eternal and, above all, very valuable. We have all grown up with such beautiful poems as 'The lizard is crying' or 'La tarara'. To bring children a little closer to the life of this poet, below you can read together the biography in the story of Federico García Lorca, adapted for the little ones in the house. In addition, we have accompanied the story with some of his most emblematic poems and some reading comprehension activities.
Federico was born in Fuente Vaqueros, a town in Granada, in Spain.
He was the eldest of five siblings and from a wealthy family, so he grew up very happy, in a peaceful and quiet environment.
His mother, Vicenta, who was a teacher, seeing his great sensitivity, he knew how to instill in him the love of art, reading, literature and poetry from a very young age, making your child truly passionate about the world of letters.
- Will you read me yesterday's poetry again? - He asked his mother every night when he could barely read.
- Listen mother! - He said reading aloud in the dining room of the house shortly after.
A few years later his family moved to Granada and there he studied high school, then at the University Philosophy and Letters, Law and, when he met Manuel de Falla, he was also interested in music.
Shortly after, he went to live in a student residence in Madrid. He met artists such as Salvador Dalí and Buñuel. At that time he took his job as a writer very seriously and coincided with authors, poets and intellectuals with the same concerns as him, making himself known successfully on the cultural scene: Jorge Guillén, Dámaso Alonso, Rafael Alberti, were Federico's companions in that time and later, among others, would be part of the generation of 27, so called for being around that year when they coincided.
"I love this work of yours, Federico," his father told him one day.I'm going to give you money to publish it!
And thanks to the financial help of his father he was able to publish his first literary work: Impressions and landscapes. Later, in 1928, he published his First Gypsy Romance.
A year later, Federico went to live in New York; He was there a very happy time and on his return to Spain in 1932, founded La Barraca, a traveling university theater company with which he took the works of the Spanish classics through the towns of Spain.
Years of travel and famous literary works followed: Blood Weddings, Yerma, Doña Rosita la soltera, La casa de Bernarda Alba.
Just a month after the outbreak of the Spanish civil war, on a night in August 1936, on the way to Granada, the Francoists shot him for his liberal ideas.
So that you continue to enjoy and work on the life of the poet Lorca, below we propose some reading comprehension exercises and some fun games to investigate more of his life.
1. True or false
Will you be able to identify which sentences are true and, therefore, agree with what has been read, and which are false. In the latter case, try to find the solution so that they tell a truth.
- Federico García Lorca was born into a very very poor family.
- Federico loved literature, painting, music ... he was an artist!
- He managed to be a successful writer and to rub shoulders with other literary artists of the time.
- Despite his great success with poetry, he was never very fond of theater.
2. Order the following fragments of the story
The following sentences, which talk about the biography in the story of Lorca, are out of order. What is the correct order?
- Federico García Lorca, when he grew up, became a great poet and writer and became friends with other great writers of the time such as Rafael Alberti.
- Since he was very little, Federico's mother instilled in him a love of art and reading.
- He was assassinated in Granada, when the Spanish war began.
3. Who are the names that appear in the story?
Do you remember any of the names of the artists mentioned in the story? If not, take another look at the story and write down all their names. All of them are great artists of the moment in different fields. Do some research on their lives because they are exciting!
- Manuel de Falla. Great Spanish composer who delighted us with such majestic musical works as 'El amor brujo'.
- Salvador Dali. Painter, sculptor, set designer ... one of the most incredible Spanish artists of the 20th century! Among his most important works (if we choose just a few) 'The persistence of memory' and 'Girl at the window'.
- Luis Buñuel. Spanish film director who broke all the molds to make more than surprising films. Among his films, 'The Spanish dog'.
- Jorge Guillen. Spanish poet belonging to the generation of '27 who was also a great literary critic.
- Damaso alonso. Poet and philologist who became director of the Royal Spanish Academy.
- Rafael Alberti. Writer and poet whose works such as 'Marinero en tierra' have gone down in the history of universal literature.
4. What is the generation of 27?
The story also mentions the generation of '27. Introducing children (especially the older ones) to the works that all these Spanish artists produced is a great idea. And it is that, soon they will study them at school and, if they have already heard about them, surely they will feel much more attracted by the lessons at school.
Since our site We propose you to investigate a little about this group of writers and poets of the 20th century in Spain, always taking into account the age and knowledge of our children.
A great complementary activity to this short story about the life of Federico García Lorca is reading some of his most famous poems. Kids love them! Here we propose a small selection.
- The butterfly
This simple and innocent poem is ideal for children to practice memory. They can learn it and then recite it to family and friends.
- The lizard is crying
Who has not had to learn this poem during childhood? Share the verses with your children about the lizards in white aprons that cry because they have lost their wedding rings. After reading this poem, encourage your little ones to draw a picture about what they have read.
- Ballad of the Black Snail
This poem by Federico García Lorca invites children to travel with creativity and imagination. Will you be able to invent more verses that continue the beautiful poetry?
- The tarara
The children's song inspired by this poem is one of the melodies that we sang the most in our childhood. Don't let the habit get lost and sing it with your little ones.
And so that your children (and you) know more about the lives of other poets, writers and artists from different eras, below we propose other biographies in children's stories.
You can read more articles similar to The most beautiful biography of Federico García Lorca for children, in the category of children's stories on site.