The Christmas break is a perfect time to review at home some of the knowledge learned in the classroom during the previous months. And one of the best ways to do it is through short Christmas dictations. These fun, simple exercises can also be a great resource for teachers who want to encourage their students to learn spelling. On this occasion, we propose a short video dictation with a Christmas theme for work with children the use of B and V.
The dictation that we suggest you do with your children is the following:
Merry Christmas! Neighbors of the North Pole
Did you knowhad started when they heard
riot at Santa's factory.
It's a dictation full of Christmas spirit, right? For children to learn with this exercise, you need to correct it with them. We should take the opportunity to point out all the possible doubts they may have had while doing so, while we explain the spelling rules to which they refer.
That is why we are gradually reeling off the dictation below.
- This dictation starts with an exclamation. Therefore, the first thing we must do is open with the sign and close with! when I finish. We cannot forget that in Spanish, unlike what happens in English, exclamations open and close!
- Besides the word 'Viva' has to be capitalized since it opens the sentence. 'Viva' comes from the verb live, therefore, both are written with V. As we will see in more detail a little later, verbs whose infinitive ends with -bir are written with B, but there are three exceptions: boil, serve and ... to live!
- 'Christmas' we write with a capital letter, as it is proper name Of a party. And with V!
- 'Neighbors' is also written with V, like all the words that derive from it as a neighborhood or neighborhood.
- North Pole we also write them both with capital letters, since they refer to a geographical area (where Santa Claus lives, by the way).
- 'Sabían' comes from verb to know that how to fit or have are written with B. In addition, we cannot forget to put a tilde in the i, just as 'there was' (with B and with a tilde) and they heard (with a tilde). This accent is due to the fact that the two vowels that come together in the word are I (a closed vowel) and A (an open vowel), therefore, when pronouncing this word we separate them into different syllables (sa-bí- an, ha-bí-a ...) The accent is on the closed vowel, so it must have the accent.
- 'Riot' is written without H and with B.
- 'Factory' is written with B, because sounds with br- (bra, bre, bri, bro, bru) always carry B. Furthermore, as it is an esdrújula word (it has the accent on the third to last syllable), it always has an accent.
- Finally, we cannot forget write Santa Claus with capital letters because it is a proper name. In addition, Papá has an accent because it is an acute word (the accent is on the last syllable) and ends in a vowel.
Once we have corrected the dictation or even before carrying it out, we can take the opportunity to review the main spelling rules related to the use of B and V. Confusing one letter with another is one of the most common spelling mistakes. common in children, but also in adults. Therefore, it does not hurt that we all do a quick review of the rules.
It is written with B when ...
- Verbs that end in the infinitive with -BIR, are written with B, except boil, serve and live.
- Verbs also go with B drink and duty, and all its verb tenses. Also the verbs caber, haber and saber.
- We cannot forget to write the endings with B -ba, -bas, -ba, -bais and -ba.
- The past tense of the indicative of the verb go (iba, ibas, iba, irramos ...) is written with B.
- When a word begins with bibl-, bu-, bur- or bus- is written with B. For example, library, mock, search ...
- If the word ends in -bundo, -bunda or -bility it is written with B, except for mobility and civility. Some examples are: homeless, nauseating, or kindness.
- Words in which the sound precedes a consonant, for example, abdication or obvious, are also written with B. This means that the syllables bla, ble, bli, blo, blu, bra, bre, bri, bro, bru are written with B.
- Prefixes are written with B bi-, bis-, biz-, when they mean two. Also with B the words that have the prefixes good- and bene-, when they mean good.
However, it is written with V ...
- He present indicative, imperative and subjunctive of the verb ir (I go, go ...), as well as the past indefinite, the past imperfect and the future subjunctive of the verbs estar, andar, and tener (I was, I was, I had ...). All this is written with V.
- When adjectives end in-ava, -ave, -avo; -eva, -eve, -evo e -iva, -ivo, they are written with V. An example of them would be words like octave, nuevo, or slight. There are exceptions like Arabic.
- After D, B or N, spelled V, as in words like warning, obvious, or wintery.
- Words with a prefix are also written with Vvice-, villa- or villar-. Examples would be Villanueva or vice president.
- With V also go the endings-viro, -vira, -ivore, -ivora (except viper), -servar and -versar (from the verbs conserve, observe and reserve).
- When a verb form has neither V nor B in the infinitive, it is written with V. For example: have has neither V nor B, so the verb form I had is written with V. It must be taken into account, without However, the indicative past imperfect endings are excluded.
[Read +: Basic spelling table for children]
And finally, here are some others very short dictations With which you can continue working with your children the spelling rules that we have reviewed.
1. Blas loved going to the library we were in on Saturday. If you want to visit it too, I have to give you a warning: it's better that you get up early to get a seat, because a lot of people go.
2. Do you want us to go with my friend Elvira to Villanueva del Arbol? There we can talk with very friendly people and drink apple juice. What a great plan!
3. Vera has just come with Verónica, the friendliest donkey in town. It is a very funny animal because in summer it wears a wool cap and in winter it wears a bikini.
4. Great-grandfather Vicente is going to get very good results on his driving test even though he's old. How well it drives!
5. Before boiling the eggs, remember to serve your uncles some white wine.
6. Next year is a leap year. Do you know what this word means? That February has 29 days.
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