The storytelling technique o storytelling is a tool that has been used for generations to transmit information, teach content and share the pleasure of reading together between parents and children from a very young age. When a parent reads or tells a story to their child, they share a special moment, in which they both enjoy the feeling of closeness.
The stories connect the child with the world, with his own world and with the new things in the world. They transport you to interesting places and situations, many of which you have not seen or experienced. How can parents develop the art of storytellying for children or, what is the same, the ability to tell stories?
The earlier you start reading and telling stories to your child, the earlier reading will become an important and enjoyable part of his life. There are numerous ways to tell stories:
- Family photos, pictures or homemade books
Through this visual support, we can tell anecdotes, funny family situations or memorable memories.
- Traditional tales, myths, legends and fables
Sharing stories from all generations, those that were told to us as children, have a very important emotional value, providing a special opportunity to be close to our children
- Plays, movies, series or cartoons
Through these visual resources we can tell stories that are attractive to children, since they are their favorite characters, guaranteeing their interest and motivation during the story.
- Made-up stories
We can use the resource to invent characters and 'customize' the story to suit the user. A story will be invented where the characters live situations similar to those that the child lives. We can use this resource if we want, for example, to deal with the following topics:
- Install habits and routines: hygiene at the table, order, behavior.
- Understand emotions: jealousy, rivalry, competition, love, anger, problems with friends, frustrations.
- Overcome your fears: darkness, parting with mom, going to the doctor, growing up, monsters, nightmares.
- Asking for help, stress management, relaxation.
- Personal insecurities, self-esteem, confidence.
- Changes, new situations, moving, entering the garden, school
- Illnesses, separations, trips of the parents.
- Losses, dismissals.
When it comes to telling a story to your child, regardless of age, it is important to sit close and be able to look at each other face to face. Story time is a time to talk, not just to sit and listen. To get the most out of what is read or told, the child must actively participate.
- Stop at the parts that interest your child the most, build anticipation and suspense.
- Give him the opportunity to take turns. When you read or tell a story, you should not be the only one to communicate. They can tell the story together too.
- If you are reading or telling a story be free to change the words if you think necessary. You can tell the story with simpler words or words of each family, it will be closer and more fun for your child to listen to them.
- Use the four Aches: Speak less, Emphasize, Speak slowly, Make it visible. Talk less, to help your child understand and learn; emphasize important and interesting words and make sounds the child likes; speak slowly, narrate the story at a slow pace so that the child can understand the sentences and take turns and, finally, make visible what the words mean by pointing to the pictures while speaking, through actions or gestures.
- Repeat, repeat and repeat.Children love hearing the same stories over and over again. Each time you read a story you have the opportunity to repeat the same words and sentences over and over again. The more opportunities the child has to hear the same story, the more vocabulary they will have and the more syntactic structures they can consolidate.
The stories or invented stories are ideal to accompany a child in solving problems, processing emotions or accompanying special moments and situations. How is the structure of an invented or personalized story?
- Presentation and description of the characters. They can be animals for the younger children or children with made-up names for the older ones.
- Description of the facts within a specific context For example, Clarita lived with her parents and was expecting a baby sister.
- Emotions that appear. The positives and the negatives. He was happy because he was going to have someone to play with and sad because he was going to have to share his parents.
- Benefits and drawbacks. Difficulties that appear in the story.
- Possible resolutions and ways to overcome conflicts.
- Open end. The conclusion is not a moral that leaves a lesson, but a learning that is implicit, it is not named but is deduced from the story itself.
You can read more articles similar to Storytelling for children and parents. The ability to tell stories, in the category of Children's stories on site.