A child with a disability is a person who has a physical, mental, intellectual or sensory deficiency (predictably permanent) and who encounters a series of 'barriers' that limit and prevent their full participation in society on an equal basis conditions than other children his age. But it is also about a person with extraordinary capabilities. We just have to discover them and help them develop them. We do?
There are generalized motor disabilities (different types of cerebral palsy, spinal diseases, such as Spina bifida; muscular diseases or osteoarticular diseases), intellectual disabilities, sensory disabilities that affect sight, hearing or both, mental disabilities and, obviously, each with its different presentations and syndromes.
But despite this, any child has special abilities, including children with disabilities. Special is everything that is out of the ordinary and there are qualities in children with disabilities that are out of the ordinary. 'I would highlight the ability to excel and to try to be equal to others having it more difficult. Special ability is the effort, it is the motivation to improve, it is not giving up, it is taking a step further than yesterday, it is living with pain and showing a smile. I think something that is done effortlessly and naturally is less special, 'explains Miguel Domínguez, a social educator.
And this must be explained to children without disabilities so that they understand it and so that they empathize with children with disabilities.
- We must tell them that not all of us are good at doing the same things well, that some of us have capacities and others others and that we should not be carried away by appearances.
- Tell them that there are children who need other rhythms and other ways of learning, that we are not all the same nor do we have to be and that each one of us makes the most of their abilities, regardless of what they are.
- And finally, it is essential that they have contact, That they know them, that they interact, because it is the best way to get to know them, to understand them and discover values such as perseverance, improvement, not giving up, effort ...
The social inclusion of children with disabilities has advanced in recent years, but much is still missing for the values that these children have to be recognized and considered. "There is a lack of resources and professionals, there is a lack of laws, but above all there are too many invisible barriers that are in our minds, the burdens that stop their wheelchairs," he explains and adds: "We do not all have to be the same. Children with disabilities should be one more and society, governments and laws should consider them as a whole, not compensating for their differences, but taking them into account from the beginning. '
For this, the best integration model is one that takes into account the different types and pace of learning, abilities, interests, social situations ... 'That the system is designed, from its origin, to accommodate everyone. Do not equate difference with inferiority and it is necessary to give the possibility that each person reaches the maximum of his potentials and in all the dimensions of the person. A person is not just an IQ, 'argues Miguel.
And it is that it has been shown that the stimulation that a child with a disability receives in a normalized environment with boys and girls of their age is beneficial for them. They progress in different fields: from language stimulation, motor stimulation, intellectual, behavioral (learning by imitation) ...
Now, what children without disabilities learn from contact in the day-to-day class with children with disabilities are: values of effort, of not giving up, of overcoming, of seeing that there are people who have it more difficult than them and that this is not an impediment to advance and progress, of empathy; and ultimately, humanity, generosity and even love. 'I can assure you that the classes in which there is a child with a disability are more united classes, with a better environment, more humane, more mature, more supportive. POr so I tell you that it is a round trip in which I have a doubt, who comes out the most benefited from this process? '
There is the question, what do you think?
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