Sometimes children have certain behaviors that parents cannot understand; They do certain things that we cannot understand what their origin, objective and motivation are. And sometimes, we can find the reason at the brain level, however, parents often miss this knowledge. Therefore, below we will tell you in a simple way all theor what you should know about the infant brain to understand your children a little better and their behaviors.
Surely it has happened to you more than once and twice that your sons or daughters act in an uncontrolled way, as well as without thinking, that you do not know what it is and that on many occasions they get on your nerves. Well, for your peace of mind I inform you that there are two reasons of cerebral origin, Among others, which justify it and are the following: on the one hand, the prefrontal cortex is in the process of maturing and here I tell you to be patient, because there is research that says that it does not finish maturing until 20-25 years of age. And on the other hand, that the boy or the girl has been 'kidnapped' by the most primitive brain and also known as the reptilian brain.
All of this may have sounded a bit difficult to understand. But let's go step by step or to understand it well.
In my opinion, there are two fundamental characteristics that every mother and father as well as every teacher should know:
- First of all it is important to know that our brain develops from back to front. What this means is that the sensitive areas are activated first, that is, everything related to the senses and the information that comes to us through them. Then the motor areas develop, that is, the part of the brain in charge of managing all the actions that have to do with the control of voluntary movements: walking, speaking, writing ...
- And secondly, it is important to know that our brain develops from the right side, that is, first our most emotional part, on the left side, that is, thought, reason and language.
Paul Maclean, an American neuroscientist with great contributions to the world of neuroscience, said that It is as if a crocodile, a horse and a human being coexisted in our head, and that the decisions were made between the three. However, they do not always agree. And we are going to unite this with his theory of the triune brain (1960), since understanding it will help us understand and therefore respect our sons and daughters more.
The triune brain theory tells us that our brain is not unique, but is made up of three brains, and they are the following:
- The reptilian brain
This is made up of the cerebellum and is necessary for us to control motor activities, such as riding a bike, playing an instrument or drawing. It is also composed of the brain stem, which is responsible for transmitting sensory information. This brain is the oldest of all, with more than 400 million years and is in charge of ensuring our survival, but it also regulates our blood pressure, our respiration and our temperature. This means that in a dangerous situation, two very different people respond in the same way.
Therefore, if we compare this brain with Maclean's metaphor, we mean the crocodile.
- The limbic brain
This is somewhat more complex, with just over 150 million years, and is located just above the reptilian. This brain represents emotions such as joy, sadness, disgust, fear ... and also accumulates memories of past experiences. It has a lot of influence on our behavior. When we hit the table, in response to anger, the limbic brain was responsible for this action.
This brain would be represented by the horse.
- The neocortex brain
Finally, the most evolved part of the brain and only two or three million years old. Its main function is to manage emotions and cognitive abilities such as concentration, memory, choice of behavior, self-reflection, problem solving, among others. Logic and reason come from this brain, therefore, it allows us to read, plan, add, among others. This brain would tell us if the hit we gave earlier on the table was the right one.
This would correspond to the human brain, following the previous metaphor.
Furthermore, the brain is divided into two parts, the so-called cerebral hemispheres, connected to each other by the so-called corpus callosum, which allows information to pass between them.
- On the one hand we have the right hemisphere, in charge of thoughts such as imagination and painting (that is, the most creative thoughts) or the most emotional or intuitive reactions.
- On the other hand, there is the left hemisphere, which is the most dominant in most people, responsible for the most logical aspects of thinking such as math, writing or speaking skills.
Knowing this, which hemisphere do our children connect before? Well indeed the right, because they are more emotional and have not yet fully developed their human brain. On the other hand, what brain did we connect before? Clearly the left.
Well then, I invite you that when you are with your sons and daughters, connect more your right hemisphere, bring out your inner boy and girl, and enjoy the here and now more, learning from our sons and daughters.
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