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The arrival of any newborn is always good news, although delivery does not always occur at the same time. Sometimes the baby is early and the pregnancy does not reach term.
Civil society prefers to talk about pregnancies in terms of months, although doctors are more comfortable speaking in terms of 'weeks', as the classification of newborns depends on it. We call a premature newborn to one who is born before 37 weeks of pregnancy; from newborn to term, if the birth takes place between 37 and 42 weeks; and as a post-term newborn, when the baby leaves the womb after week 42.
1. Late preterm: About 10% of newborns are premature; that is, they are born before their time. Most preterm infants are late preterm These are, babies who are usually born after 28 weeks but before 37 weeks, whose health problems are not usually of significant short-term severity:
- Temperature instability.
- Low glucose.
- Transient respiratory problems.
Although it is also true that more and more subtle long-term alterations are described (especially of a neurological nature).
2. Large premature babies: The so-called large premature babies, especially below 28 weeks of pregnancy and / or less than 1,500 grams, surprise their parents because when they are born 'they are perfectly shaped, despite their small size'.
Its birth is a challenge for pediatricians, since we have to facilitate them to complete their maturation process, and protect them, since their existence in the first weeks will be marked by vulnerability (their lungs, their intestines, their retina, their brain, your immune system, your ability to control temperature are very fragile).
It should be noted that the care we provide to these 'crystal babies' must not only be supported by advanced technology and state-of-the-art intensive care units. The kangaroo method (hug the newborn, contact skin to skin with him), free access for parents 24 hours a day, breastfeeding, respectful silence and the dark environment greatly facilitate their growth and survival. That is, affection is for them a universal treatment.
You can read more articles similar to Different types of premature babies, in the Premature category on site.